The town looks onto the lake, which
includes dramatic views of the Bismarck Rock - a massive outcrop of granite
rocks (The background picture and trademark of this website).
Mwanza is an important crossroad of the region - including several bus routes
to Dar es Salaam, Arusha, Bukoba, Musoma and Nairobi (Kenya) - plus a busy
port with ferries to Ukerewe Island and Bukoba - with connections (by bus)
to Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda.
Mwanza is arguably the fastest growing settlement in Tanzania; with
substantial growth in financial, industrial
and local investment sectors. However, the economy of the city; and the region, as a whole, is dominated by smallholder
agriculture employing about 85 percent of the region's population and complemented by an expanding fisheries sector.
It is believed that fisheries activities in the region lead in terms of foreign exchange earnings contribution to the region's economy. Commercial fishing is carried out by big fishing companies using modern fishing gear and vessels. Agriculture takes second position followed by mining in recent days. Maize, cassava and sweet potatoes constitute about 71 percent of all food crops grown in the region.
The growth of tourism has come from a vast beauty of its surrounding area and its proximity to the various national parks - and Mwanza is a convenient starting point for trips to the islands in Lake Victoria - e.g. Ukerewe, Ukara and Rubondo and/or through the world famous Serengeti National Park - only 2½ hours drive by car from Mwanza.